TREE PLANTING BENEFITS FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT

  • —  The benefits that trees provide from social, communal, environmental, and economic perspectives.
  • —  Most trees and shrubs in cities or communities are planted to provide beauty or shade. While these are excellent benefits, tree plants serve many other purposes;
  • —  The benefits of trees can be grouped into Social, Communal, Environmental, Economic and Agricultural categories.

SOCIAL BENEFITS

—  Human response to trees goes well beyond simply observing their beauty. We feel serene, peaceful, restful, and tranquil in a grove of trees. We are “at home” there.

—  The calming effect of nearby trees and urban greening can significantly reduce workplace stress levels and fatigue.

—  The effect of trees can calm traffic.

—  Trees deliver a range of health benefits :

  •  Cleaner air means less asthma
  •  Less sun rays lower risk of skin cancer
  •  Positive impact on mental health and well-being
  •  Quickens recovery time for patients
  •  Encourages exercise that can counteract heart disease

—  Trees can also reduce crime. Areas with high levels of green space have lower crime rates than those without trees.

 

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Trees add not only beauty to the environment, but also provide a calming effect

 

COMMUNAL BENEFITS

  • They provide privacy, emphasize views, or screen out objectionable views.
  • They reduce glare and reflection.
  • They direct pedestrian traffic. Trees also provide background to and soften, complement, or enhance architecture.
  • Trees bring natural elements and wildlife habitats into urban surroundings, all of which increase the quality of life for residents of the community.

 

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Trees Reduce Glares and Reflections

 

ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS

  • Trees beautify the environment in which we live
  • Trees harbor wildlife.
  • Trees create a cooling effect. By using trees in the cities, we can moderate the heat-effect caused by structures and activities in commercial areas.
  • Trees serve as a wind break
  • Rainfall, sleet, and hail are absorbed or slowed by trees, providing some protection for people, pets, and buildings.
  • Flood Control: Trees intercept water, store some of it, and reduce storm water runoff.
  • Leaves filter the air we breathe by removing dust and other particulates thereby reducing air pollution

 

 

ECONOMIC BENEFITS

  • Property values of landscaped areas with trees are 5-20% higher than those of non-landscaped areas.
  • Providing profitable by-products; Firewood/woodchip; Compost/leaf litter mulch; Renewable fuel – via coppicing; Timber; Fruits – community orchards; fertilizers – from neem seeds etc.
  • Reducing green space maintenance costs; Trees are much less maintenance intensive
  • Contributing indirectly to local economies:
  • People are more productive
  • Job satisfaction increased
  • Inward investment encouraged
  • Retail areas with trees perform better
  • Increased property values
  • Adds tourism and recreational revenue to Cities

 

NEEM TREE PRODUCTS AND AGRICULTURE

—As a Fertilizer;

  • The material left after oil is squeezed out from seeds is popularly known as the seed cake, which acts as a bio fertilizer.
  • —Neem is used as Manure for Agriculture
  • —Neem seeds are natural soil conditioners
  • —Neem as fumigant; Neem trees are used against storage and crop pests.

 

FALSE ASHOKA (Masquerade Tree)

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  • Ashoka is an Ornamental tree for landscaping.
  • Ashoka is commonly planted due to its effectiveness in alleviating noise pollution.
  • Ashoka tree seeds have various healing properties.

TERMINALIA (Umbrella Tree)

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  • It is used in aforestation projects.
  • Provides shade along roads and streets.
  • Used as ornamental trees
  • Have Medicinal effects
  • Used as sources for dyes and tanning.

ROYAL PALM TREE

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  • They are Ornamental Trees
  • Attract wildlife
  • Provide shade
  • Act as wind breakers

 

FRUIT TREES

 

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Cashew Tree

  • Orchards provide vital green spaces in cities and towns
  • They invite nature into the environment and provide a refuge in it to flourish
  • Encourages social relationships amongst diverse people
  • Controls Erosion
  • Provide cooling effect in towns and cities
  • Provide Shade
  • Examples are the Orange Trees and Mango Trees

 

CONCLUSION

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Whistling Pines

Increasing green space and tree numbers is likely to remain one of the most effective tools for making urban areas more convivial.