TREE PLANTING BENEFITS FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT
- The benefits that trees provide from social, communal, environmental, and economic perspectives.
- Most trees and shrubs in cities or communities are planted to provide beauty or shade. While these are excellent benefits, tree plants serve many other purposes;
- The benefits of trees can be grouped into Social, Communal, Environmental, Economic and Agricultural categories.
Human response to trees goes well beyond simply observing their beauty. We feel serene, peaceful, restful, and tranquil in a grove of trees. We are “at home” there.
The calming effect of nearby trees and urban greening can significantly reduce workplace stress levels and fatigue.
The effect of trees can calm traffic.
Trees deliver a range of health benefits :
- Cleaner air means less asthma
- Less sun rays lower risk of skin cancer
- Positive impact on mental health and well-being
- Quickens recovery time for patients
- Encourages exercise that can counteract heart disease
Trees can also reduce crime. Areas with high levels of green space have lower crime rates than those without trees.
Trees add not only beauty to the environment, but also provide a calming effect
- They provide privacy, emphasize views, or screen out objectionable views.
- They reduce glare and reflection.
- They direct pedestrian traffic. Trees also provide background to and soften, complement, or enhance architecture.
- Trees bring natural elements and wildlife habitats into urban surroundings, all of which increase the quality of life for residents of the community.
- Trees beautify the environment in which we live
- Trees harbor wildlife.
- Trees create a cooling effect. By using trees in the cities, we can moderate the heat-effect caused by structures and activities in commercial areas.
- Trees serve as a wind break
- Rainfall, sleet, and hail are absorbed or slowed by trees, providing some protection for people, pets, and buildings.
- Flood Control: Trees intercept water, store some of it, and reduce storm water runoff.
- Leaves filter the air we breathe by removing dust and other particulates thereby reducing air pollution
- Property values of landscaped areas with trees are 5-20% higher than those of non-landscaped areas.
- Providing profitable by-products; Firewood/woodchip; Compost/leaf litter mulch; Renewable fuel – via coppicing; Timber; Fruits – community orchards; fertilizers – from neem seeds etc.
- Reducing green space maintenance costs; Trees are much less maintenance intensive
- Contributing indirectly to local economies:
- People are more productive
- Job satisfaction increased
- Inward investment encouraged
- Retail areas with trees perform better
- Increased property values
- Adds tourism and recreational revenue to Cities
NEEM TREE PRODUCTS AND AGRICULTURE
As a Fertilizer;
- The material left after oil is squeezed out from seeds is popularly known as the seed cake, which acts as a bio fertilizer.
- Neem is used as Manure for Agriculture
- Neem seeds are natural soil conditioners
- Neem as fumigant; Neem trees are used against storage and crop pests.
FALSE ASHOKA (Masquerade Tree)
- Ashoka is an Ornamental tree for landscaping.
- Ashoka is commonly planted due to its effectiveness in alleviating noise pollution.
- Ashoka tree seeds have various healing properties.
TERMINALIA (Umbrella Tree)
- It is used in aforestation projects.
- Provides shade along roads and streets.
- Used as ornamental trees
- Have Medicinal effects
- Used as sources for dyes and tanning.
ROYAL PALM TREE
- They are Ornamental Trees
- Attract wildlife
- Provide shade
- Act as wind breakers
- Orchards provide vital green spaces in cities and towns
- They invite nature into the environment and provide a refuge in it to flourish
- Encourages social relationships amongst diverse people
- Controls Erosion
- Provide cooling effect in towns and cities
- Provide Shade
- Examples are the Orange Trees and Mango Trees
Increasing green space and tree numbers is likely to remain one of the most effective tools for making urban areas more convivial.